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Aikido Osae Waza Control or Pinning Techniques
Osae Waza is usually learned from Suwariwaza ‘sitting techniques’. Osae Waza means ‘control or pinning techniques’.
Imagine the point between ‘distance combat’ and ‘wrestling’. It is called the ‘struggle point’ of combat. Osae Waza is best used at this ‘struggle point’.
In this page I found some of Osensei’s photos doing the first Five Aikido Techniques Osae Waza.
I also added videos of Aikido Masters doing the same first Five Techniques. Notice the slight difference. Notice the similarities.
Notice that the first Five Techniques of Aikido are the most basic, yet they evolved.
What they all have in common is they are all Good Aikido.
Osae Waza starts from three positions:
Suwariwaza – Both sitting
Tachiwaza – Both standing
Hanmi Handachi – One sitting and the other standing.
The first Five Aikido Techniques
The first Five Aikido Techniques are controlling or pinning techniques. You literally name them as you count them.
The first Five Aikido techniques are: Ikkyo (first lesson), nikyo, sankyo, yonkyo and gokyo (fifth lesson). They are usually learned from a static (kihon) sitting techniques called Suwariwaza.
The Yoshinkan school retains these Daitō ryū Aiki jūjutsu terms for the “first” through “fourth” lessons:
There are usually two points of movement in osae waza, Omote (front) or Ura (behind or vacuum).
The first Five Aikido Techniques are:
Ikkyo – Take the balance and pin the elbow.
Nikyo – Lock the wrist and pin the balance.
Sankyo – Twist the wrist and cut the balance.
Yonkyo – Take the balance and control the forearm.
Gokyo – Control using the ‘reverse forearm grip’.
The Struggle Point of Combat
Going back to the point between ‘distance combat’ and ‘wrestling’. The ‘struggle point’ of combat. Pinning and grappling techniques are best used at this ‘struggle point’.
The ‘struggle point’ of combat is when the distance is close. Imagine when punching and kicking is too close. Around the elbow and knee swing radius. Uke and Nage (Tori) are starting grab and control each other. Pinning and grappling techniques are good to use in this ‘struggle point’. This ‘struggle point’ is usually the start of the wrestling part of combat.
One of the best way to gauge your Aikido is by analysing your pinning and grappling techniques in suwariwaza. If you can do the Osae Waza techniques well, then you are in the path of Aikido Mastery. How do you become good in Osae Waza? Train it in every class if possible. Watch the pinning and grappling techniques videos below and learn from the Aikido Masters demonstrating it.
Watch struggle points in boxing, sumo and judo.
When not to use Osae Waza
Grappling and control techniques are the prelude to wrestling when both uke and tori resists. Although pinning and grappling techniques are good to use to on a one-on-one situation. Pinning and grappling techniques may be too involving to use on a multiple attacker situation. You can grapple, control uke and use him as shield from other attackers, however this defence is short lived. This strategy is defensive and offensive multiple attackers eventually can get to you.
In other words avoid grappling and wrestling multiple people. Don’t go to the ground to grapple and wrestle if you have more than one opponent. It’s a terrible tactic it will get you beaten up.
Use the Trinity of Aikido Techniques for multiple attackers. It is less involving and the attackers are kept at a distance.
Good Aikido Techniques examples of Osae Waza
Aikido Pinning Techniques
Morihiro Saito demonstrates Shomenuchi Ikkyo Omote
Aikido: Christian Tissier – Ikkyo
Yoshinkan Aikido Ikkajo
Yokomen Uchi Sankyo Suwariwaza Omote
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